India, the second most populated country in the world, what can be expected about its education sector, or at least about the number of people going to related to the education industry in some way. And, yes unsurprisingly it is the largest. If we try to look into the reasons as to why is that the case, it’s mostly because of the sheer population of the young people in India, the age group that requires or can provide education. Well, this is definitely the biggest reason but this can’t be the only reason for such a growth.
There are many examples where the numbers have doubled in a very short period of time, one of such examples being the total national expenditure on education in Delhi, according to the Economic survey of Delhi, 2016-17, has increased from rupees 46.4 billion to Rs. 103.28 billion in just four years. Another notable statistic is that in 2015, 34200000 students enrolled in approximately 48,116 colleges & institutions for pursuing higher education. The good engineering colleges in Hyderabad, Karnataka, etc. have been highly contributing to these numbers. Another thing that is worth noting in this sector is the traffic on Indians on the American e-learning websites. All this is happening because of factors other than mentioned above, as well. So, it will be simpler to understand if we break down the structure into smaller sections i.e. Primary/ Elementary education, Secondary education, Higher education, Vocationalisation of Secondary education, and then Rural or adult education. Technology is a growing field. The best B.Tech colleges in Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana are providing a well-nourished education to the students.
So, let’s begin with the primary/ secondary education. Although there’s still a lot of children going to public schools, more and more people are trying to provide education in private schools, and yes, of course, there is a difference between the quality of education in the schools. This is basically and implication of the fact that the middle class is getting bigger and bigger in the country, which is freeing the government from the responsibility of providing primary education, one of the interesting data was that more than 50 percent of people from the slums is Hyderabad are sending their children to private schools. Which is partly because of the quality of education that is provided in public schools in India. Secondary education has also replicated the same numbers.
More and more students with primary education are now completing their secondary education as well, which again is expected as there are more people completing primary education now. Now when it comes to the higher education, the situation seems to be similar on the surface, although is not exactly very cheerful. Yes, the number of students enrolling in universities and colleges is increasing and in fact, India has become the country with the largest number of people pursuing higher education, it is not exactly the education that people are most eager about when going to the colleges, other reasons like job opportunities, and peer pressure has also become a driving force for doing the same.
One important factor that is expanding the higher education, but at the same time degrading the quality of education is the comparatively lower fees of such institutes. In a way, the higher education is making challenges for itself, by expanding. So, here are the three main challenges that Indian colleges are facing these days: first being the lack of passion in the research work that is being done in the colleges, as a result, the amount of research work coming out of the country is not in correlation with the number of undergraduates that it is producing. Of course, it the lack of interest can’t just be blamed on the students themselves, it is the lack of good faculty in almost all different tier colleges, which is a direct implication of the small fees that are required to do a degree.
The second challenge that the colleges are facing is the lack of flexibility in the courses, which again is due to the low funds, as offering more courses equals lesser students per faculty. Another common thing in an average-higher-education-age-person is the drive towards engineering or marketing courses regardless of their interests or hobbies, although this can also be because the last generation that they have seen had this idea of a better career associated with more money, which was definitely appropriate in their time, and engineering and marketing were considered these noble pursuits back then. Although now the country is in a transition phase. It’s not going to be like this forever though, Indian Government has plans to improve these particular things in upcoming years.